Licensing your invention is a lot easier if you can show that it’s selling. That means you have to produce a small quantity of your product. Nice idea – until you learn that a plastic injection mold costs $25,000.
Now what? Fortunately, there are options. You just have to know where to look.
Small-quantity manufacturing lies between rapid prototyping processes and volume production. To discover the processes in the low- to mid-quantity range, visit www.jobshop.com. Also search —job shop shows — on Google.com for contract manufacturers, there were about 1,000 references last time I looked.
Attend the shows in your area; talk with vendors. Always ask about the most practical quantity range for your project.
Also ask about the best process for quantities above that range and below it. This research will take some time. But it could save you thousands of dollars and dramatically reduce your losses if you decide to abandon your venture.
Tooling for small production runs has a lower cost than tooling for volume production. The catch is that as the tooling investment drops, the cost per unit increases. (This is true even if you use aluminum molds. You can machine aluminum much faster than you can steel and can reduce cost by as much as 75 percent.)
Suppose you only want 200 parts for market testing – a good strategy if you hope to license and pass the mold cost on to your licensee. You could have the part machined in a computer-driven machining center.
Your tooling in most cases consists of a special drill or reamer, and the program to run the machine. If you already have 3D computer-aided drawings, their digital information can be amended for the machining program at a cost of a couple hundred dollars or less.
Your part cost, however, might be $2.50 per unit, compared with maybe 30 cents for a molded part. Still, 200 pieces for a total of $700 for tooling and parts may prove a wise test investment. If your part is a stamped and formed sheet metal piece, the same principle is true.
Rather than invest several thousand dollars in a stamping and forming die-set, you can have the blank shape cut by either laser or abrasive water jet, and the bending done on a press brake.
Again, the digital information from your drawings will control the machining. A limited run of stamped parts will cost dollars, rather than pennies, just as they did for the plastic injection molded parts.
You may be tempted to produce limited runs offshore. The same mold that you’d make in the United States may cost half as much in China. However, that gap is beginning to close. The cost of the molded parts won’t be a proportionate bargain.
Add import tariffs, ocean transportation costs and the nightmare of quality control, and the savings may evaporate or turn negative.
If you intend to produce and market your invention on your own, it usually makes sense to test the market before investing in the volume-production tooling. But price the product as though you had been making it with the volume tooling.
Will you lose money? Probably.
Thomas Edison sold his first light bulbs for far less than their cost to launch his system of power generation and lighting. Remember, your objective in the early stage is to prove that you have a market, not to make a profit.
For more information on this and related topics please see:
- Patentability: The Adequate Description Requirement of 35 U.S.C. 112
- Patentability: The Nonobviousness Requirement of 35 U.S.C. 103
- Patentability: The Novelty Requirement of 35 U.S.C. 102
- Patentability Overview: When can an Invention be Patented?
- Invention to Patent 101 – Everything You Need to Know to Get Started
- The Benefits of a Provisional Patent Application
- Patent Strategy: 6 strategies for obtaining a patent quickly
- Defining the Full Glory of Your Invention in a Patent Application
- What is a Utility Patent?
- Defining Computer Related Inventions in a post-Alice World
- Patent Application Drafting: Using the Specification for more than the ordinary plain meaning
- Do You Need a Patent?
- Inventing Strategy 101: Laying the Foundation for Business Success
- Debunking the Myth that Patents Create a Monopoly
- Requisites of a Patent Application: Claims and drawings technically not required on filing date
- The Five Biggest Mistakes Toy Companies Make
- Patent Prosecution 101: Understanding Patent Examiner Rejections
- Patent Strategy: Advanced Patent Claim Drafting for Inventors
- The America Invents Act was Wrong from the Start
- Patent Drafting 101: The Basics of Describing Your Invention in a Patent Application
- Patent Drafting for Beginners: The anatomy of a patent claim
- The Patent Process on a Tight but Realistic Budget
- Inventing 101: Protecting Your Invention When You Need Help
- Patent Drafting for Beginners: A prelude to patent claim drafting
- The Inventors’ Dilemma: Drafting your own patent application when you lack funds
- The Inventor’s Patent Dilemma: Beware the many pitfalls waiting to trip up the unwary
- Provisional Patent Applications the Right Way, the Wal-Mart Way
- Design Patents: The Under Utilized and Overlooked Patent
- Patent Drafting: Describing What is Unique Without Puffing
- How do you know if you have a licensable product?
- Provisional Patents: What are they and why do you need them?
- Inventing to Solve Problems
- 5 things inventors and startups need to know about patents
- Why Exclusive Patent Licenses Can Be More Valuable Than Owning Patents Outright
- Drafting Patent Applications: Writing Method Claims
- An Introduction to Patent Claims
- Patent Drawings: An Economical Way to Expand Disclosure
- Is This Patent Any Good? How to Tell a Good Patent From a Bad One
- The Attorney-Client Relationship Can Be Harmful to a Startup if Not Managed Correctly
- Why Does It Cost So Much to Prepare Patent Applications?
- Drafting a Licensing Agreement, a Patentee Perspective
- Protecting a Trade Secret: Taking Precautions to Preserve Secrecy
- What is a Trade Secret?
- Understanding the Patent Process: Rejections vs. Objections
- Patent Drafting: Define terms when drafting patent applications, be your own lexicographer
- There is no such thing as a provisional patent
- Patent searches are always a good idea, even if your invention is not on the market
- What is a patent and where do patent rights come from?
- Patent Claim Interpretation: The Broadest Reasonable Interpretation Standard
- The Best Mode Requirement: Not disclosing preferences in a patent application still a big mistake