USPTO Changes Format and Links to MPEP

By Gene Quinn on September 15, 2012

Earlier today, while working on revamping the PLI Patent Bar Review Course, I needed a citation to the MPEP and an associated Code of Federal Regulations cite. It was as this time I noticed there has been a change to how the MPEP is presented on the USPTO website.  Perhaps others have noticed and this is not news, but it is the first time I’ve encountered an issue finding information in the MPEP from the USPTO for a very long time.

One of my responsibilities is to write exam level difficult questions for the newly testable material, which will be tested starting October 2, 2012.  This means questions relative to the changes in the rules of practice effective September 16, 2012.  This requires me to not only write the questions, but also create model answers.  We strive not only to explain generally what the right answer is, but to also provide a greater opportunity for learning, which requires detailed explanations.

It was at this time that I realized that the USPTO has reclassified the Manual of Patent Examining Procedure, changing the URLs where sections were located previously, making them unfindable if you use a search engine. In some instances my search even leads to “Page Not Found” errors when searching on the USPTO website itself.

To put this into some kind of context let me explain what I was looking for.  As you may know, at the conclusion of a supplemental examination the Patent Office may order a reexamination of the patent in question.  The resulting ex parte reexamination, which will address each and every substantial new question identified, will substantially be conducted according to the rules and procedures associated with ex parte reexamination.  Notwithstanding, the ex parte reexamination is not limited to patents and printed publications. Additionally, a less consequential procedural distinction is that the patent owner will not have the right to file a statement pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 304.

Because PLI always likes to provide citations so students who are interested can read for themselves and dig deeper, I needed a citation for the fact that reexamination ordinarily only proceeds with patents and printed publications.  So I did what I always do.  I typed in what I was looking for into Google followed by “mpep.”

So my search query was: “reexamination patents printed publications mpep”.  The first result returned was for MPEP 2256 and the third was for MPEP 2258.  I clicked on the first and then I clicked on the third.  In both instances I was surprised to see the following notice, telling me that the page was not found at


Not only can’t you find the relevant MPEP sections you are looking for through a Google search, but you also cannot find the relevant statutes or CFR sections using Google.  For example, I typed in “35 usc 304” into Google.  The first link was to the website, like it almost always is.  Unfortunately, however, upon clicking the link I was taken to another “Page Not Found” screen.  Ultimately you can get to it by clicking on the new MPEP link provided, scrolling down to the L Appendix, clicking on the L Appendix link and then scrolling down to Section 304.  Not a lot more time, but hardly as easy to find information as it was just a few days ago.

Perhaps this will get sorted out quickly, Google will figure out where the information is located or the USPTO will institute some kind of 301 permanent redirect.  For the time being, however, it seems that Google is not going to be a useful way to find information from the USPTO.


The Author

Gene Quinn

Gene Quinn is a patent attorney and the founder of He is also a principal lecturer in the PLI Patent Bar Review Course and an attorney with Widerman & Malek.

Gene’s particular specialty as a patent attorney is in the area of strategic patent consulting, patent application drafting and patent prosecution. He has worked with independent inventors and start-up businesses in a variety of different technology fields, but specializes in software, systems and electronics.

is admitted to practice law in New Hampshire, is a Registered Patent Attorney licensed to practice before the United States Patent Office and is also admitted to practice before the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

Gene is a graduate of Franklin Pierce Law Center and holds both a J.D. and an LL.M. Prior to law school he graduated from Rutgers University with a B.S. in Electrical Engineering.

You can contact Gene via e-mail.

Warning & Disclaimer: The pages, articles and comments on do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author and should not be attributed to the author’s employer, clients or the sponsors of Read more.

Discuss this

There are currently 7 Comments comments.

  1. Patrick H September 15, 2012 4:46 pm


    The PTO has been working on rolling out their eMPEP which is searchable. Have you tried giving that a shot?


  2. patent leather September 15, 2012 7:08 pm

    I had this same problem today (I feel better knowing that I am not the only one working on a Saturday!) I can’t quite figure out if the new eMPEP is purely html based (and thus fully crawlable by Google). If not, it would really stink if the MPEP is no longer searchable by Google.

  3. Mark Nowotarski September 17, 2012 9:20 am


    I tried several variations of “reexamination patents printed publications” and got the same results – nothing. This was true even when I put the search term into the new eMPEP.

    I did have some luck searching the eMPEP for “reexamination” and then doing a control F word search in my browser for “printed publication”.

    That brought me to the correct citation. Here is the url

    It’s kind of a clunky work around, but thanks for the heads up on the issue.

  4. Mark Nowotarski September 17, 2012 9:30 am

    I did a little more work and it looks like the search engine in the eMPEP is strictly boolean. You have to specify the operators joining terms (and, or). Multiple word terms have to be in quotes.

    So reexamination and “printed publication” returns the results you are looking for.

    reexamination printed publication returns nothing.

    reexamination and printed publication returns nothing.

  5. Lir September 17, 2012 10:02 am

    Yes, thanks for the post–I was having trouble on Friday finding a cite for a non-obviousness argument. I haven’t kept track of the changes to the MPEP, but it does seem that over time in addition to rearranging sections, it has gotten a lot less helpful for citing in favor of patentability rather than against. The sections on obviousness in particular seem vague and unhelpful, even in their citations of KSR. If the guidance in the MPEP for examiners is largely in how to find claims obvious, guess what they’re going to do? Providing more positive as well as negative examples would be very helpful in promoting compact prosecution.

  6. David Boundy September 18, 2012 4:10 pm

    It’s not just the format that changes — this is a new August 2012 9th revision (updating the July 2010 8th Ed. Rev. 8). This updates Appendices L and R (the statute and regulations), and Chapters 500, 600, 700, 1200, 1400, and 2100.

  7. Mark Nowotarski September 18, 2012 5:12 pm


    Thanks for the heads up on the revisions to 2100 etc. That helped clear up a mystery in an office action MPEP citation from June that didn’t appear in Rev. 9.