Posts Tagged: Article I


McCormick and the Separation of Powers Constraints of Patent Invalidation

Since patents belong to a class of private property rights, the adjudication of patent validity, infringement and damages have been allocated to Article III courts under common …
By Neal Solomon
2 hours ago 0

Private Rights and the Sanctity of an Independent Judiciary

There appears to be a consistent pattern of public rights cases from Murray’s Lessee to Stern. Congress may establish a public right, separate from actions that …
By Neal Solomon
5 days ago 3

The Modern Public Rights Doctrine

The modern public rights jurisprudence flows from Atlas Roofing in 1977 to Stern in 2011. Although the case law does not provide a straight line, there is a consistent …
By Neal Solomon
7 days ago 38

The Classical Public Rights Doctrine: Growth of the Administrative State

The Crowell Court distinguishes between matters of common law adjudicated in the federal courts and matters that may be reviewed in administrative agencies. However, the Court is …
By Neal Solomon
12 days ago 1

Patent Review in an Article I Tribunal is Unconstitutional Under the Public Rights Doctrine

This experiment in patent validity review an executive agency by the Patent Trial and Appeal Board, an Article I tribunal in the PTO, has been unsuccessful...The …
By Neal Solomon
14 days ago 11