Starting the Patent Process on a Limited Budget

By Gene Quinn
September 21, 2013


I have a few ideas that I think could really be a success. I started researching “how to patent an idea” but have been bombarded with information.  I have no clue where to start, and I have only a limited budget. What should be my first step?


This is a question I receive quite frequently.  The patent process can be complex and knowing where to begin and how to responsibly pursue your inventions in a cost-responsible manner is not always easy, particularly for first time inventors.

The reality is that inventing and patenting does take financial resources and there is no patent attorney or patent agent who can help you if you have no funds.  Limited funding will scare away many, but there are ways to move forward even with limited funding. Of course, the more limited your funding the more you will have to do on your own, which means you need to be prepared to do some reading, becoming as familiar as possible with the process and legal requirements. Thus, the best first step you can take is to familiarize yourself with the concepts, law and regulations. I strongly recommend starting your journey on our Inventing page. There is a collection of “reading assignments” there to lay the foundation on the basic information you will need to know. Each article will also contain links to other articles for more information on the topic.

Next, once you get a sense for the laws, rules and challenges, you absolutely must work on a budget.  I have worked with independent inventors and small businesses for years and have helped many with limited budgets make the most out of the money they have to work with. It is possible to start with a limited budget and doing things step by step within the budget you have and still succeed. In fact, an inventor I started working with back in 2008 is now on the verge of huge success.

It is possible to succeed even starting with a limited budget, but you really do need to plan ahead and develop a strategy that makes sense within your resources and one that doesn’t invest unnecessarily or recklessly. This conserves resources in a responsible way, while still laying the ground work for obtaining the benefits and protections offered by the patent laws. The nightmare scenario you need to avoid is spending to much on any one invention that winds up going nowhere. If this happens you not only lose what you invested, but you also potentially lose valuable funds that could be used to pursue the next great idea you have. Over the years as I have worked with inventors and musicians what I have learned is that creative people are rarely, if ever, only going to create once.

Remember, Thomas Edison was not always successful in his first attempts and he famously said that failed experiments were not failures because he learned what did not work.  While it is unrealistic to think any of us are the next Thomas Edison, we should definitely learn from him and responsibly invent where there is a market need and understand that failure is inevitable at times.  You just need to treat failure as a hurdle rather than an insurmountable road block.

We have a number of articles to explain how to start the process in a responsible way.  Take a look at:

Of course, any time you start the invention and patenting process on a limited budget there is something of a chicken and an egg problem. Do you start with a patent search to see whether it makes sense to move forward, or do you start with a provisional patent application first? Notice that I have already ruled out a nonprovisional patent application as the starting point. The cost of a nonprovisional patent application can be quite high and unnecessary to start the process. You can file a provisional patent application, use the coveted terms “patent pending” and then within 12 months file a nonprovisional patent application if it appears as if the invention will be worthwhile.


A lot of inventors will do their own patent search first, if it is OK then file a provisional patent application. Then on the road to filing a nonprovisional patent application they have a professional patent search done and reviewed by a patent attorney or patent agent. A search is always better to start, but resource limitations are what they are and sometimes strategies need to be developed to move forward under less than ideal circumstances. If you want to do your own patent search first, which is a good idea, definitely read Patent Searching 101, which explains how to do a good search. Please do realize, however, that at some point you really will need a professional search. Professional searches will find far more than an inventor can find because searchers do this for a living 40 hours a week for years. They are extremely good at finding whatever is available to be found. So start on your own, but be careful not to invest a lot of money simply because you didn’t find anything. If you cannot find anything similar to your invention based on your own search please read No Prior Art for My Invention.

I have also created a do-it-yourself provisional patent application system called the Invent + Patent System that you might be interested in using. This unique system, on which I have a patent application pending myself, allows you to create a provisional patent application for filing with the United States Patent Office.  What you can do yourself is obviously not going to be as good as what a patent attorney could do, but the system does create good applications if you actually follow through and use the examples and templates to guide you. The cost to use the system is $99, and then the price you would have to pay to the US Patent Office for filing, which is currently $130 if you are a small entity. Using the Invent + Patent System is how I teach law students to draft applications over the years and it has proven to be quite successful.

If you can afford to hire a patent attorney or a patent agent to prepare and file a provisional patent application that would be preferable. My firm can typically prepare and file a provisional patent application for $2,000 to $2,500 plus the filing fee and cost of any professional drawings, although for some complex inventions and software related inventions the cost to prepare and file a provisional patent application rises to $5,000 plus the filing and drawing fees. Thus, many on a limited budget are priced out and the choice becomes do it themselves or not do it at all. If that is you consider the Invent + Patent System For more information on estimated costs see Cost of Obtaining a Patent.


For more information on the basics of inventing please see:

Good luck and happy inventing.


The Author

Gene Quinn

Gene Quinn is a Patent Attorney and Editor and President & CEO ofIPWatchdog, Inc.. Gene founded in 1999. Gene is also a principal lecturer in the PLI Patent Bar Review Course and Of Counsel to the law firm of Berenato & White, LLC. Gene’s specialty is in the area of strategic patent consulting, patent application drafting and patent prosecution. He consults with attorneys facing peculiar procedural issues at the Patent Office, advises investors and executives on patent law changes and pending litigation matters, and works with start-up businesses throughout the United States and around the world, primarily dealing with software and computer related innovations. is admitted to practice law in New Hampshire, is a Registered Patent Attorney and is also admitted to practice before the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. CLICK HERE to send Gene a message.

Warning & Disclaimer: The pages, articles and comments on do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author and should not be attributed to the author’s employer, clients or the sponsors of Read more.

Discuss this

There are currently 3 Comments comments.

  1. Benny Attar September 22, 2013 8:19 am

    It occurs to me that if I have limited funds to file a patent application I also have limited funds to enforce my patent rights once granted. Getting the backing of a commercial organization with the necessary legal “clout” might, in some cases, be the wiser course of action.
    It would also be interesting to see some figures showing what percentage of independent inventors actually see a return on their investment. I have seen numerous patents assigned to the inventor in our own field of industry which are either unenforceable or commercially worthless.

  2. Anon September 22, 2013 10:39 am


    Yes and no.

    There are a variety of reasons why a client may want a patent, and not all of them have to do with making something (commercializing the invention) or enforcing the right so earned.

    That being said, you raise a valid point, and any attorney worth their salt should have the conversation with the client about such potential future costs. This is part of understanding the client’s goals in order to best represent the client.

    Thanks for bringing up this very valid point.

  3. Mark Nowotarski September 22, 2013 6:25 pm

    Here’s some additional great advice on launching a new product on a limited budget.

    The key takeaway is : Step 1 – Sell you product.

    I’ve heard this over and over.