Patent Filings Roundup: Fertilizer, Fitness Tracker and Phone Fights

By Jonathan Stroud
April 9, 2020

https://depositphotos.com/79301846/stock-photo-boxing-gloves.htmlDistrict court patent filings are up again this week, demonstrating that even a good lockdown can’t keep patent lawyers down; indeed, it appears there’s no sleep for the weary, given the spike in non-practicing entity (NPE) assertions and a fair amount of medium-sized company-to-company litigation, as well as a brewing dispute between Philips and Fitbit on wireless fitness trackers.

Fertilizer fight: Iowa is known for many things: vanguard political primaries, being America’s breadbasket, seemingly empty baseball fields, and (for me) one particularly memorable teenage visit to the Corn Palace on a Church Group trip. Now it is also the locus of MicroSource, LLC et al. v. Eco World Group, LLC, a DJ patent fight from last April over “Liquid Formulations of Urease Inhibitors for Fertilizers.” MicroSource is a fertilizer company owned by Gavilon (a Brazilian company), which appears in turn to be owned by Marubeni Corporation, a Japanese sprawling organization. Eco World Group, LLC is a Wyoming company registered in 2018 at a building that has been accused of setting up “paper companies” and is related to Eco Agro, LLC, based in Florida. Solvay USA filed earlier post grant review (PGR) was filed on one of the patents; now Solvay has filed IPR2020-00768 on the same. It’s not immediately clear how Solvay is related, if at all, to MicroSource.

Livin’ on the Edge: A number of IP Edge suits heated up or saw a fair number of filings this week; Round two of Valyrian IP LLC on a former Siemens patent relating to a cordless phone system that forwards calls from a base station to handsets based on priority, this time suing SangomaRingCentral, AT&TSpectrumVoIP, and Verizon in various districts; previously (July 2019) they sued  ICON Voice Networks, Plantronics, Granstream Networks, and Avaya. Further rounds of assertions in Sonohm Licensing LLC add to earlier campaigns against Tangent Computer with March suits against Avalue Technology CONTEC, MilDef, Nex Computers, Superlogics, and VTech Holdings (Leapfrog Enterprises), among others. IP Edge as opened new campaigns for filed new complaints in the Tekvoke, LLC, Aristors Licensing LLC, and Hydro Net, LLC, Pearl IP, Encoditech, LLC, campaigns.

Every step you take, I’ll be watching you: A sprawling International Trade Commission (ITC) fight over fitness trackers has spilled into the Courts and the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB). In December, Philips brought a complaint at the ITC seeking to block imports (and prevent any further sales, manufacture, or use in the United States) of all of their popular wireless trackers over infringement of Philips3 patents and based on its domestic industry of its “Lifeline,” “Motion Biosensor,” “Connected Sensing,” and “Sleep Diagnostics” products. This week, Fitbit fired back, filing DJ action in California on three patents, accompanied by some five inter partes reviews (IPRs) (either alone or in conjunction with Garmin). Philips has yet to walk back any of its complaints. As it were.

PTAB (26)

Case Number Action Owner Petitioner Patent
IPR2020-00772 Filed Koninklijke Philips N.V. Fitbit, Inc. 9820698
IPR2020-00773 Filed Koninklijke Philips N.V. Fitbit, Inc. 9717464
IPR2020-00766 Filed Sorna Corporation Nautilus Medical, Inc. 8045214
IPR2020-00771 Filed Koninklijke Philips N.V. Fitbit, Inc.
Garmin International, Inc.
Garmin USA, Inc.
Garmin Ltd.
9820698
IPR2020-00711 Filed Infernal Technology, LLC
Terminal Reality, Inc.
Sony Interactive Entertainment LLC 7061488
IPR2020-00774 Filed Koninklijke Philips N.V. Fitbit, Inc. 9717464
PGR2020-00053 Filed Gree, Inc. Supercell OY 10335683
IPR2020-00759 Filed Lighthouse Consulting Group, LLC Wells Fargo & Company RE44274
IPR2020-00780 Filed The Regents of the University of California Satco Products, Inc. 10217916
PGR2020-00049 Filed Gree, Inc. Supercell OY 10335689
IPR2020-00764 Filed Imperial College Innovations Limited Astellas US LLC 10052317
IPR2020-00657 Filed LG Chem, Ltd. 9698398
IPR2020-00769 Filed United Therapeutics Corporation Liquidia Technologies, Inc. 9593066
IPR2020-00768 Filed WorldSource Enterprises LLC
Eco Agro Resources, LLC
Eco World Group, LLC, d/b/a Presidon Ag
Solvay USA Inc. 10301231
IPR2020-00785 Filed Xylem Europe GmbH Primozone Production AB 10336612
PGR2020-00051 Filed Yantai Ausbio Laboratories Co., Ltd. Bluecatbio Ma Inc. 10338063
IPR2020-00770 Filed United Therapeutics Corporation Liquidia Technologies, Inc. 9604901
IPR2020-00750 Filed Seoul Semiconductor Co., Ltd. Satco Products, Inc. 8716946
IPR2020-00742 Filed Jenam Tech, LLC Unified Patents, LLC 9923995
IPR2020-00754 Filed Koninklijke Philips N.V. Garmin International, Inc.
Garmin USA, Inc.
Garmin Ltd.
Fitbit, Inc.
7845228
CBM2020-00012 Filed Trioptima AB Quantile Technologies Limited 8010441
IPR2020-00705 Filed Motion Offense, LLC Unified Patents, LLC 10013158
IPR2020-00777 Filed Magna Mirrors of America, Inc. Motherson Innovations Company Limited 10261648
PGR2020-00052 Filed Gree, Inc. Supercell OY 10335682
IPR2020-00758 Filed Lighthouse Consulting Group, LLC Wells Fargo & Company 8590940
IPR2020-00710 Filed Infernal Technology, LLC
Terminal Reality, Inc.
Sony Interactive Entertainment LLC 6362822
IPR2019-01524 Not Instituted – Merits Collabo Innovations, Inc. Advance Micro Devices, Inc
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
7930575
IPR2019-01648 Not Instituted – Merits Uniloc 2017 LLC Microsoft Corporation 7092953
IPR2020-00014 Not Instituted – Merits InVue Security Products Inc. Vanguard Products Group, Inc. d/b/a Vanguard Protex
Vanguard Products Group, Inc. D/B/A Vanguard Protex Global
10008082
IPR2020-00018 Not Instituted – Merits InVue Security Products Inc. Vanguard Products Group, Inc. d/b/a Vanguard Protex
Vanguard Products Group, Inc. D/B/A Vanguard Protex Global
10098481
IPR2019-01578 Not Instituted – Procedural Kymab Ltd. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 9434782
IPR2019-01658 Not Instituted – Procedural Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. RE47614
IPR2019-01515 Not Instituted – Procedural Tela Innovations, Inc. Intel Corporation 10186523
IPR2019-01577 Not Instituted – Procedural Kymab Ltd. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 9505827
IPR2019-01628 Not Instituted – Procedural 4361423 Canada Inc. Square, Inc. 8281998
IPR2020-00046 Not Instituted – Procedural Uniloc 2017 LLC Samsung
Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
6980522
IPR2019-01619 Not Instituted – Procedural Universal Electronics, Inc. Roku, Inc. 7782309
IPR2019-01630 Not Instituted – Procedural 4361423 Canada Inc. Square, Inc. 9269084
IPR2019-01518 Not Instituted – Procedural Tela Innovations, Inc. Intel Corporation 10186523
IPR2019-01626 Not Instituted – Procedural 4361423 Canada Inc. Square, Inc. 8286875
IPR2019-01513 Not Instituted – Procedural Tela Innovations, Inc. Intel Corporation 10186523
IPR2020-00015 Instituted 72Lux, Inc. d/b/a Shoppable
Fox Rothschild LLP
Amber.io, Inc. d/b/a Two Tap
Honey Science Corp.
9697563
IPR2019-01659 Instituted Elekta, Inc. Zap Surgical Systems, Inc. 7295648
IPR2020-00066 Instituted InVue Security Products Inc. Vanguard Products Group, Inc. d/b/a Vanguard Protex
Vanguard Products Group, Inc. D/B/A Vanguard Protex Global
9805564
IPR2019-01661 Instituted Southern Visions, LLP Red Diamond, Inc. 9468222
IPR2019-01645 Instituted Michigan Motor Technologies LLC Volkswagen Group of America, Inc. 6345604
IPR2020-00048 Instituted InVue Security Products Inc. Vanguard Products Group, Inc. d/b/a Vanguard Protex
Vanguard Products Group, Inc. D/B/A Vanguard Protex Global
9747765
IPR2019-01664 Instituted Motiva Patents, LLC HTC Corporation
HTC America, Inc.
8427325
IPR2019-01625 Instituted 4361423 Canada Inc. Square, Inc. 8286875
IPR2019-01671 Instituted Southern Visions, LLP Red Diamond, Inc. 9468330
IPR2020-00032 Instituted InVue Security Products Inc. Vanguard Products Group, Inc. d/b/a Vanguard Protex
Vanguard Products Group, Inc. D/B/A Vanguard Protex Global
9972178
IPR2019-01668 Instituted Solas Oled, Ltd. Samsung
Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
9256311
IPR2019-01665 Instituted Motiva Patents, LLC HTC Corporation
HTC America, Inc.
8159354
IPR2019-01657 Instituted Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. RE47614
IPR2019-01506 Instituted Allergan
Allergan Industrie, SAS
Prollenium US Inc. 8357795
IPR2019-01632 Instituted Allergan
Allergan Industrie, SAS
Prollenium US Inc. 8357795
IPR2019-00965 Instituted Uniloc 2017 LLC Cisco Systems, Inc.
Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
6664891
IPR2019-01613 Instituted Universal Electronics, Inc. Roku, Inc. 8004389
IPR2019-01627 Instituted 4361423 Canada Inc. Square, Inc. 8281998
IPR2019-01666 Instituted Motiva Patents, LLC HTC Corporation
HTC America, Inc.
9427659
IPR2020-00051 Instituted Ethicon, Inc.
Edizone, LLC
Intuitive Surgical, Inc. 9844379
IPR2019-01636 Instituted Tela Innovations, Inc. Intel Corporation 10141334
IPR2019-01629 Instituted 4361423 Canada Inc. Square, Inc. 9269084
IPR2019-01612 Instituted Universal Electronics, Inc. Roku, Inc. 7589642
IPR2020-00001 Instituted Southern Visions, LLP Red Diamond, Inc. 9549634
IPR2019-01662 Instituted Southern Visions, LLP Red Diamond, Inc. 9725232
IPR2019-01637 Instituted Tela Innovations, Inc. Intel Corporation 10141335
IPR2020-00045 Instituted Uniloc 2017 LLC Samsung
Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
6980522
IPR2020-00227 Instituted Uniloc 2017 LLC Samsung
Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
6664891
IPR2020-00050 Instituted Ethicon, Inc. Intuitive Surgical, Inc. 9844379
IPR2016-00330 Final Written Decision Innovative Memory Systems Inc. Micron Technology, Inc. 6901498
IPR2019-00102 Final Written Decision North Star Innovations, Inc. Kingston Technology Company, Inc. 5943274
IPR2018-01712 Final Written Decision Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd.
Teva Pharmaceuticals International GmbH
Eli Lilly & Company 9884908
IPR2018-01710 Final Written Decision Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd.
Teva Pharmaceuticals International GmbH
Eli Lilly & Company 8586045
IPR2019-00014 Final Written Decision General Electric Company Toyota Motor Corporation 8118237
IPR2018-01460 Final Written Decision Qualcomm Incorporated Apple Inc. 9024418
IPR2018-01431 Final Written Decision Nuance Inc.
Nuance Communications, Inc.
MModal LLC 8117034
IPR2018-01817 Final Written Decision Realtime Adaptive Streaming, LLC Netflix, Inc. 9762907
IPR2018-01766 Final Written Decision Vitaworks IP, LLC Hubei Grand Life Science and Technology Co., Ltd. 9428450
IPR2018-01749 Final Written Decision Lexos Media IP, LLC Ralph Lauren Corporation 5995102
IPR2018-01700 Final Written Decision Hera Wireless S.A. Intel Corporation 7369878
IPR2018-01670 Final Written Decision Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH Mylan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 8679069
IPR2019-00104 Final Written Decision North Star Innovations, Inc. Kingston Technology Company, Inc. 6127875
IPR2018-01513 Final Written Decision Centripetal Networks, Inc. Cisco Systems, Inc. 9560077
IPR2019-00025 Final Written Decision Sunoco Partners Marketing
Terminals L.P.
Sunoco Partners Marketing & Terminals L.P.
Magellan Midstream Partners L.P.
Powder Springs Logistics LLC
9606548
IPR2018-01711 Final Written Decision Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd.
Teva Pharmaceuticals International GmbH
Eli Lilly & Company 9884907
IPR2019-00012 Final Written Decision General Electric Company Toyota Motor Corporation 8118237
IPR2020-00065 Procedural Termination GM Global Technology Operations LLC, LKQ Corporation
Keystone Automotive Industries, Inc.,
D813120
IPR2020-00063 Procedural Termination GM Global Technology Operations LLC, LKQ Corporation
Keystone Automotive Industries, Inc.,
D828255

District Court (79)

Case Number Action Plaintiff Defendant Patent
2:20-cv-03013 Filed Aristors Licensing LLC [IP Edge] SnapComms, Inc. 8013734
8:20-cv-00630 Filed Breathe Technologies, Inc. [Hill-Rom] Inogen, Inc. 9132250
4:20-cv-00263 Filed Valyrian IP LLC [IP Edge] AT&T, Inc. 6970706
4:20-cv-00264 Filed Valyrian IP LLC [IP Edge] SpectrumVoip 6970706
1:20-cv-02040 Filed Hydro Net, LLC [IP Edge] Deere & Co. 7187706
1:20-cv-00449 Filed Sunset Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Sierra Wireless 8483941
6970941
1:20-cv-00450 Filed Sunset Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Skypatrol 8483941
6970941
1:20-cv-00453 Filed Tekvoke, LLC [IP Edge] Fuze, Inc. 6687343
1:20-cv-00868 Filed Valyrian IP LLC [IP Edge] RingCentral, Inc. 6970706
1:20-cv-10642 Filed Sonohm Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Superlogics, Inc. 6651207
7106705
3:20-cv-00756 Filed Encoditech, LLC [IP Edge] Valeo Inc. 6321095
4:20-cv-01154 Filed Sunset Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] MiX Telematics North America 8483941
6970941
6:20-cv-00251 Filed Dropbox, Inc. MOTION OFFENSE, LLC 10013158
10021052
6:20-cv-00255 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC dba Brazos Licensing and Development ZTE 7203505
6:20-cv-00256 Filed Ikorongo Texas, LLC [Concert Technology Corp.] Bumble Trading, Inc. RE45543
RE47704
2:20-cv-00091 Filed Vista Peak Ventures, LLC [Dominion Harbor] Top Victory Investments Ltd.
TPV TECHNOLOGY (NINGBO) CO., LTD.
TPV Electronics (Fujian) Co., Ltd.
NANJING ELECTRONICS INFORMATION INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION
TPV Technology
et al.
6404474
6657699
7009673
6078375
6646691
7446825
2:20-cv-00092 Filed Vista Peak Ventures, LLC [Dominion Harbor] Top Victory Investments Ltd.
TPV TECHNOLOGY (NINGBO) CO., LTD.
TPV Electronics (Fujian) Co., Ltd.
NANJING ELECTRONICS INFORMATION INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION
TPV Technology
et al.
7046327
6549259
6812528
6486931
7593070
6870593
7006065
6657619
3:20-cv-00622 Filed Battery Conservation Innovations, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Mad Catz, Inc. 9239158
1:20-cv-00892 Filed Valyrian IP LLC [IP Edge] RingCentral, Inc. 6970706
3:20-cv-02256 Filed Semiconductor Manufacturing International (BVI) Corporation
SMIC, Americas
Semiconductor Manufacturing North China (Beijing) Corporation
Semiconductor Manufacturing South China Corporation
Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp.
Innovative Foundry Technologies, LLC 7009226
6806126
6933620
6580122
1:20-cv-00352 Filed Cedar Lane Technologies Inc. Corel Corp. 7733368
7292261
8031223
6972774
RE44087
6700999
4:20-cv-00279 Filed Jenam Tech, LLC Samsung Group 10069945
10075564
10075565
10375215
10306026
1:20-cv-00469 Filed Handstands Promo, LLC Fleet Farm, LLC 7125602
7252867
D739396
6:20-cv-00268 Filed Information Images, LLC PGA Tour, Inc.
6:20-cv-00258 Filed Ikorongo Texas, LLC Ikorongo Texas, LLC Lyft, Inc. RE45543
RE47704
3:20-cv-02150 Filed Sonohm Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Nex Computers, Inc. 6651207
7106705
1:20-cv-00856 Filed Sonohm Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Avalue Technology, Inc. 6651207
7106705
4:20-cv-01116 Filed Aristors Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Raptor Technologies, LLC 8013734
1:20-cv-00445 Filed Novartis Mylan
Mylan Laboratories, Ltd.
8101659
8796331
8877938
9388134
1:20-cv-00448 Filed Sunset Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Marelli Holding USA, Inc. 8483941
6970941
6:20-cv-00260 Filed Pearl IP Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] T-Mobile 6819539
5:20-cv-00660 Filed Sysonic Eletronics, Inc. DeepMotor, Inc.
Young Wei
Arch EBusiness International, Inc.
D735759
2:20-cv-03054 Filed Display Technologies, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] AVA Enterprises, Inc. 900723
1:20-cv-02115 Filed RR Donnelley & Sons Co. Cannon, Inc. 6327599
7949945
1:20-cv-00463 Filed Battery Conservation Innovations, Inc. [Leigh Rothschild] Adesso, Inc. 9239158
1:20-cv-02747 Filed Cedar Lane Technologies Inc. Clarifai, Inc. 6904168
2:20-cv-00096 Filed Altpass, LLC Fujitsu 7350078
7725725
8429415
2:20-cv-00097 Filed Fractus, S.A. TCT Mobile Worldwide, Ltd.
TCL Multimedia Technology Holdings, Ltd.
TCT Mobile International Ltd.
TCL Corp.
7394432
7397431
8941541
8976069
9054421
9240632
9362617
1:20-cv-21432 Filed Targus International, LLC Group III International, Inc.
1:20-cv-21435 Filed Targus International, LLC Group III International, Inc. 8567578
6:20-cv-00269 Filed Voip-Pal.com, Inc. GOOGLE, LLC 10218606
3:20-cv-02148 Filed Sonohm Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] LeapFrog Enterprises, Inc. 6651207
7106705
2:20-cv-00512 Filed Joseph Guo Ovation Hand Institute Management, LLC
Ovation Hand Institute, LLC
Richard Anderson
Richard Harrison
10022141
4:20-cv-00267 Filed Sunset Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Calamp Corp. 8483941
6970941
3:20-cv-02169 Filed The Solaria Corp. Canadian Solar (USA), Inc.
Canadian Solar, Inc.
10522707
3:20-cv-02176 Filed Sunset Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Smartrak USA, Inc. 8483941
6970941
5:20-cv-02174 Filed Sunset Licensing, LLC [IP Edge] Azuga, Inc. 8483941
6970941
1:20-cv-00446 Filed Revolar Technology, Inc. POM Partners, Inc. 7486194
7928851
1:20-cv-00447 Filed Valyrian IP LLC [IP Edge] Sangoma Technologies US, Inc.
Sangoma US, Inc.
6970706
1:20-cv-00451 Filed Battery Conservation Innovations, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] GLOBALSTAR USA, LLC 9239158
1:20-cv-00452 Filed Tekvoke, LLC [IP Edge] Dialogtech, Inc. 6687343
1:20-cv-00455 Filed Tekvoke, LLC [IP Edge] Voyant Communications, LLC 6687343
3:20-cv-00613 Filed Hydro Net, LLC [IP Edge] Inseego Corp. 7187706
6:20-cv-00252 Filed Ironworks Patents, LLC OnePlus Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. 9521269
6850150
8847734
6:20-cv-00254 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC dba Brazos Licensing and Development ZTE 7742534
1:20-cv-00357 Filed Hydro Net, LLC [IP Edge] InHand Networks, Inc. 7187706
2:20-cv-03051 Filed Sysonic Electronics, Inc. Racing Power Co. D735759
2:20-cv-03485 Filed THERAPEUTICSMD, INC. Teva Pharmaceutical 9180091
9289382
10258630
10398708
10471072
2:20-cv-10837 Filed Battery Conservation Innovations, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] iTrack, LLC 9239158
1:20-cv-00473 Filed Cedar Lane Technologies Inc. CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS 6502194
6526411
7173177
6721489
4:20-cv-00266 Filed Valyrian IP LLC [IP Edge] Verizon Communications 6970706
8:20-cv-00758 Filed Medical Technologies Industries, Inc. Boyd Industries, Inc. 7862123
8480172
9125495
9782319
6:20-cv-00257 Filed Ikorongo Texas, LLC [Concert Technology Corporation] LG Corp. RE45543
RE47704
RE41450
8874554
2:20-cv-01011 Filed Brownmed, Inc. Medline Industries 7601168
6:20-cv-00266 Filed PROVEN NETWORKS, LLC AMAZON.COM, INC., AMAZON WEB SERVICES, INC. 8018852
8812454
3:20-cv-02246 Filed Fitbit, Inc. Koninklijke Philips 7845228
9717464
9820698
4:20-cv-02262 Filed Deep Web, LLC Ask Media Group, LLC 7693956
8321529
8645493
1:20-cv-00464 Filed Targus International, LLC Victorinox Swiss Army, Inc. 8567578
6:20-cv-00267 Filed Voip-Pal.com, Inc. WhatsApp
Facebook, Inc.
10218606
1:20-cv-00061 Filed Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
Organon USA, Inc.
Mylan API US LLC
Mylan
RE44733
2:20-cv-00095 Filed PROVEN NETWORKS, LLC HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRISE COMPANY; ARUBA NETWORKS, INC. 8018852
8165024
2:20-mc-00004 Filed Uniloc 2017, LLC [Fortress] GOOGLE, LLC
1:20-cv-00086 Filed Handstands Promo, LLC Remington Industries, Inc. 7125602
7252867
D739396
1:20-cv-00440 Filed Battery Conservation Innovations, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] BDA, Inc. 9239158
1:20-cv-00454 Filed Tekvoke, LLC [IP Edge] Grandstream Networks, Inc. 6687343
6:20-cv-00259 Filed Ikorongo Texas, LLC [IP Edge] Samsung Group RE45543
RE47704
RE41450
8874554
2:20-cv-00090 Filed Vista Peak Ventures, LLC [Dominion Harbor] Top Victory Investments Ltd.
TPV TECHNOLOGY (NINGBO) CO., LTD.
TPV Electronics (Fujian) Co., Ltd.
NANJING ELECTRONICS INFORMATION INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION
TPV Technology
et al.
5929947
6579749
6674093
6891196
7088401
8:20-cv-00641 Filed Targus International, LLC Everki USA, Inc. 8567578

Image Source: Deposit Photos
Copyright: ViolinAuthor
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The Author

Jonathan Stroud

Jonathan Stroud is Chief IP Counsel at Unified Patents, LLC, where he manages a growing team of talented, diverse attorneys and oversees a docket of administrative challenges, appeals, licensing, and district court work in addition to IP, administrative, amicus, policy, marketing, and corporate matters.

Prior to Unified he was a patent litigator for Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP, and a former medical devices patent examiner at the USPTO. He earned his J.D. with honors from the American University Washington College of Law; his B.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Tulane University; and his M.A. in Print Journalism from the University of Southern California. He enjoys teaching, writing, and speaking on patent and administrative law.

Warning & Disclaimer: The pages, articles and comments on IPWatchdog.com do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author as of the time of publication and should not be attributed to the author’s employer, clients or the sponsors of IPWatchdog.com. Read more.

Discuss this

There are currently 2 Comments comments.

  1. Brenden April 9, 2020 3:28 pm

    The corn palace is in Mitchell, SD.

  2. Jonathan R Stroud April 10, 2020 12:54 pm

    “In the late 19th Century, a number of cities on the Great Plains constructed “crop palaces” (also known as “grain palaces”) to promote themselves and their products. As the idea succeeded, it spread, including: a Corn Palace in Sioux City, Iowa, that was active from 1887–1891; a Corn Palace in Gregory, South Dakota; a Grain Palace in Plankinton, South Dakota; and a Bluegrass Palace in Creston, Iowa.” (Wikipedia)