Patent Filings Roundup: Fintiv Dooms CBMs; Canadian Process Ends IPR; New and Old NPE Campaigns Filed

By Jonathan Stroud
March 10, 2021

https://depositphotos.com/159708306/stock-photo-legal-battleand-lawsuit.htmlPatent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) filings are way down for the third week in a row, with 15 inter partes reviews (IPRs) and two post grant reviews (PGRs) filed compared to 59 district court patent filings. A few big-ticket suits were renewed—the older capital-backed Fundamental Innovation Systems International [Centerbridge Partners] and Solas Oled [Magentar Capital] suits saw new defendants—and some well-known smaller ones soldiered on. The aggressive EcoFactor competitive suit rolls on in the ITC and now across Texas, with a number of new suits filed by the IoT company. There’s a new suit by a Quest Patent Research Corp subsidiary and a smattering of other campaign-adds listed below; and it’s worth noting that DynaIP subsidiaries have exploded with litigation these past few months, with the forecast promising more rain on the horizon.

Boom Goes the CBM: It’s perhaps a procedural nicety, but the pending instituted covered business method (CBM) proceedings against Boom! Payments, Inc. by Stripe and Shopify over three patents were all terminated (rather than rendered as “adverse judgment” subject to estoppel) after the Federal Circuit affirmed a 101 ruling against all the claims of the patents.  The Board reasoned that the Federal Circuit had done and said as much in the Apple v. VoIP-PAL appeal and found (effectively) that rendering a final written opinion on other types of patentability (or for that matter, 101) would be effectively moot at this point. The patents, 9,235,857, 8,429,084, and 10,346,840, are directed to computer-implemented tracking of local payments.

Section 101 District Court Decision Dooms CBM Petition Under Fintiv:  In one of the last CBMs to be filed before the sunset, Marketdial, Inc. v. Applied Predictive Technologies, Inc., CBM2020-00025, the Board has found that the Fintiv considerations under 314(a) apply to the PGR-specific statute (something they had found previously), and that here, where the District court recently ruled on an early Section 101 patent eligibility motion and found the claims challenged as lacking patentable subject matter, the Board need not proceed with a challenge.

Petition Doomed by Canadian Service-of-Process: The PTAB, relying on their precedential GoPro case, denied a petition as time-barred where there was (apparent) service through the Hague Convention in a foreign country. See Ecometal Inc. v. Terves, LLC, IPR2020-01621, Paper 9 (Mar. 1, 2021). Under the Board’s own precedent, “[s]erved with a complaint alleging infringement” means “presented with a complaint or delivered a complaint in a manner prescribed by law.” GoPro, Inc. v. 360Heros, Inc., IPR2018-01754, Paper 38 at 9 (Aug. 23, 2019) (precedential).  The Board parsed Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4—in particular, 4(f)(1)—as indicating “an individual ‘may be served at a place not within any judicial district of the United States’ ‘by any internationally agreed means of service that is reasonably calculated to give notice, such as those authorized by the Hague Convention.’” Here, the Canadian petitioners, Ecometal and Mr. Yuan, were served with a copy of the complaint and a summons by the Canadian authorities “in conformity with the Hague Convention” in August 2019, prior to the year-later September 11, 2020 filing date. While the documents in question were lacking details (the name of the server of process, for instance), the Board reasoned that the Hague Convention required none of those details, and found such service sufficient. The Board found notable that the plaintiff never challenged the sufficiency of process for that action, though they did move to dismiss it on other grounds.

                                  PTAB (17)

Case Number Action Owner Petitioner Patent
IPR2021-00614 Filed Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd 10506528
IPR2021-00613 Filed Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd 10587386
IPR2021-00511 Filed Scorpcast, LLC [d/b/a Haulstars] MG Freesites Ltd. 8595057
IPR2021-00612 Filed Koss Corporation Bose Corporation 10206025
IPR2021-00529 Filed Proven Networks LLC [RAK Investments III, LLC, Provenance Asset Group, Larry Russ, Jules Kabat, Russ August & Kabat LLP] VMware, Inc
Dell Technologies Inc.
8812454
IPR2021-00603 Filed Broadband iTV, Inc. AT&T Service Inc.
Directv, LLC
9998791
IPR2021-00441 Filed Sydnexis, Inc. Nevakar, Inc. 10076515
IPR2021-00600 Filed Koss Corporation Apple Inc. 10298451
PGR2021-00061 Filed Plantlab Groep B.V. Sygenta Crop Protection AG 10667469
IPR2021-00573 Filed Estech Systems, Inc. Ringcentral, Inc. 6067349
IPR2021-00615 Filed Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd 9584204
IPR2021-00592 Filed Koss Corp Apple Inc 10469934
IPR2021-00595 Filed Proven Networks, LLC [RAK Investments III, LLC, Provenance Asset Group, Larry Russ, Jules Kabat, Russ August & Kabat LLP] Palo Alto Networks, Inc. 8165024
IPR2021-00584 Filed 3G Licensing S.A. [Fineur Int’l] Cradlepoint, Inc.,
Dell, Inc.
Honeywell International, Inc.
Siera Wireless, Inc.
TCL Communication Technology Holdings, Ltd.
et al.
7551625
IPR2021-00596 Filed Proven Networks LLC [RAK Investments III, LLC, Provenance Asset Group, Larry Russ, Jules Kabat, Russ August & Kabat LLP] Palo Alto Networks, Inc. 8018852
PGR2021-00058 Filed Wendling Allan Neosales Corp LP 10806285
IPR2021-00574 Filed Estech Systems, Inc. Ringcentral, Inc. 8391298
IPR2020-01351 Not Instituted – Merits Volterra Semiconductor LLC [Maxim Integrated Products] Monolithic Power Systems, Inc. 7772955
IPR2020-01453 Not Instituted – Merits Colibri Heart Valve LLC Medtronic CoreValve LLC 8900294
IPR2020-01535 Not Instituted – Merits Quartz Auto Technologies LLC [Keith Machen, York Eggleston] Lyft Inc. 7370085
IPR2020-01368 Not Instituted – Merits Volterra Semiconductor LLC [Maxim Integrated Products] Monolithic Power Systems, Inc. 6362986
IPR2020-01450 Not Instituted – Merits Quartz Auto Technologies LLC [Keith Machen, York Eggleston] Lyft Inc. 7958215
IPR2020-01350 Not Instituted – Merits Volterra Semiconductor LLC [Maxim Integrated Products] Monolithic Power Systems, Inc. 7772955
IPR2020-01370 Not Instituted – Merits Volterra Semiconductor LLC [Maxim Integrated Products] Monolithic Power Systems, Inc. 6362986
IPR2020-01555 Not Instituted – Merits Nippon Telegraph
Telephone Corporation
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation
MediaTek, Inc.
MediaTek USA, Inc.
7400616
IPR2020-01193 Not Instituted – Merits LBT IP I LLC [Location Based Technologies, LLC, Dave Morse, Greggory Haugen] Apple, Inc. 8421619
IPR2020-01227 Not Instituted – Procedural Monarch Networking Solutions LLC [Acacia Research] Cisco Systems, Inc. 9019965
IPR2020-01620 Not Instituted – Procedural Terves, LLC [Powerdermet, LLC] Ecometal Inc. 10329653
CBM2020-00025 Not Instituted – Procedural Applied Predictive Technologies, Inc.
Applied Predictive Technologies, Inc.
Marketdial, Inc. 8571916
IPR2020-01621 Not Instituted – Procedural Terves, LLC [Powerdermet, LLC] Ecometal Inc. 9903010
IPR2020-01322 Not Instituted – Procedural Optimum Imaging Technology, LLC [Neal Solomon] Canon, Inc. 8451339
IPR2020-01356 Not Instituted – Procedural Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Cellco Partnership d/b/a Verizon Wireless 8995253
IPR2020-01352 Not Instituted – Procedural Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Cellco Partnership d/b/a Verizon Wireless 8995253
IPR2020-01226 Not Instituted – Procedural Monarch Networking Solutions LLC [Acacia Research] Cisco Systems, Inc. 8130775
IPR2020-01552 Not Instituted – Procedural Clear Imaging Research, LLC Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd
Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
9392175
IPR2020-01402 Not Instituted – Procedural Clear Imaging Research, LLC Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd
Samsung Electronics America, Inc.
9392175
IPR2020-01321 Not Instituted – Procedural Optimum Imaging Technology, LLC [Neal Solomon] Canon, Inc. 7612805
IPR2020-01348 Not Instituted – Procedural Volterra Semiconductor LLC [Maxim Integrated Products] Monolithic Power Systems, Inc. 7525408
IPR2020-01567 Instituted Arbor Global Strategies LLC [Arbor Company LLLP] Xilinx, Inc. 7126214
IPR2020-01570 Instituted Arbor Global Strategies LLC [Arbor Company LLLP] Xilinx, Inc.
Xilinx Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.
RE42035
IPR2020-01539 Instituted Masimo Corporation Apple, Inc 10588554
IPR2020-01536 Instituted Masimo Corporation Apple, Inc 10588553
IPR2020-01577 Instituted GlaxoSmithKline LLC Epizyme, Inc., 10478426
IPR2020-01568 Instituted Arbor Global Strategies LLC [Arbor Company LLLP] Xilinx, Inc. 7282951
IPR2020-01541 Instituted Peloton Interactive, Inc. Echelon Fitness Multimedia, LLC [Echelon Fitness] 10486026
IPR2020-01537 Instituted Masimo Corporation Apple, Inc 10588553
IPR2020-01191 Instituted LBT IP I LLC [Location Based Technologies, LLC, Dave Morse, Greggory Haugen] Apple, Inc 8102256
IPR2020-01096 Instituted Nokia Technologies OY Lenovo Inc.
Lenovo US Inc.
7263125
IPR2020-01520 Instituted Masimo Corporation Apple, Inc 10258265
IPR2020-01571 Instituted Arbor Global Strategies LLC [Arbor Company LLLP] Xilinx, Inc.
Xilinx Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.
6781226
IPR2020-01192 Instituted LBT IP I LLC [Location Based Technologies, LLC, Dave Morse, Greggory Haugen] Apple, Inc 8421618
IPR2020-01189 Instituted LBT IP I LLC [Location Based Technologies, LLC, Dave Morse, Greggory Haugen] Apple, Inc 8497774
IPR2020-01449 Instituted FG SRC LLC [Freeman Capital Partners, St. Regis Mohawk Tribe] Intel Corporation 7149867
IPR2020-01538 Instituted Masimo Corporation Apple, Inc 10588554
IPR2020-01190 Instituted LBT IP I LLC [Location Based Technologies, LLC, Dave Morse, Greggory Haugen] Apple, Inc 8542113
IPR2019-01247 Final Written Decision Virentem Ventures, LLC Google LLC 7043433
IPR2013-00067 Final Written Decision Nike, Inc. Adidas AG 7347011
IPR2019-01563 Final Written Decision RDP Company
RDP Technologies, Inc.
Chemco Systems, L.P. 8163175
IPR2019-01644 Final Written Decision Carucel Investments, L.P. Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC 8718543
IPR2019-01442 Final Written Decision Carucel Investments, L.P. Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC 7848701
IPR2019-01655 Final Written Decision Synkloud Technologies, LLC [Ideahub] Unified Patents, LLC 9098526
IPR2019-01547 Final Written Decision Intuitive Surgical, Inc.
Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.
Auris Health, Inc. 6522906
IPR2019-01533 Final Written Decision Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc. Auris Health, Inc. 8142447
IPR2019-01441 Final Written Decision Carucel Investments, L.P. Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC 8718543
CBM2020-00003 Procedural Termination Boom! Payments, Inc. Stripe, Inc.
Shopify, Inc.
Shopify USA Inc.
9235857
CBM2020-00002 Procedural Termination Boom! Payments, Inc. Stripe, Inc.
Shopify, Inc.
Shopify USA Inc.
8429084
CBM2020-00004 Procedural Termination Boom! Payments, Inc. Stripe, Inc.
Shopify, Inc.
Shopify USA Inc.
10346840

                          District Court (59)

Case Number Action Plaintiff Defendant Patent
5:21-cv-01496 Filed Resideo Technologies Inc. EcoFactor, Inc. 8019567
8423322
8886488
10612983
1:21-cv-00314 Filed Bayer
Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
BAYER AG
Lupin Limited 10828310
1:21-cv-01119 Filed Comfort Wheels Inc. Shenzhen Miruisi Technology Co., Ltd
Luke Wei
D892010
6:21-cv-00195 Filed Cedar Lane Technologies Inc. Anker Innovations Limited 8537242
6972790
8165867
6:21-cv-00197 Filed MCom IP, LLC DH Corp. 8862508
1:21-cv-00328 Filed Carrier Global Corporation EcoFactor, Inc. 8596550
8019567
8423322
8886488
10612983
0:21-cv-60496 Filed VPR Brands Lightfire Holdings LLC 8205622
6:21-cv-00182 Filed Proven Networks, LLC [RAK Investments III, LLC, Provenance Asset Group, Larry Russ, Jules Kabat, Russ August & Kabat LLP] F5 Networks 7877786
7450507
8:21-cv-00507 Filed DatRec, LLC [Nacar IP] Greenway Health, LLC 8156158
5:21-cv-01595 Filed DatRec, LLC [Nacar IP] PrognoCIS, Inc. 8381309
1:21-cv-00336 Filed DatRec, LLC [Nacar IP] Cancer IQ, Inc. 8381309
3:21-cv-30029 Filed Mary Young
Jason Young
Hydropolis, Inc. 9468865
2:21-cv-00069 Filed Lennon Image Technologies LLC [Empire IP] Kendra Scott, LLC 6624843
4:21-cv-00174 Filed R2 Solutions LLC [Acacia Research’ J.P. Morgan Chase & CO. 8190610
7370011
1:21-cv-00315 Filed Merck Sharp & Dohme Co., Inc. Cadila Healthcare 7326708
1:21-cv-00316 Filed H Lundbeck A/S
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., LTD.
Macleods Pharmaceuticals RE48059
1:21-cv-00317 Filed Emerson Electric Co. EcoFactor, Inc. 8019567
8423322
8896550
10612983
8886488
1:21-cv-00322 Filed Typhoon IP LLC [IP Edge] NNG LLC 7881861
8838370
8108141
1:21-cv-00327 Filed VITAWORKS, LLC
VITAWORKS IP, LLC
Glanbia Nutritionals (NA), Inc. 10040755
RE48333
RE48354
RE48238
RE48369
RE48392
9598357
6:21-cv-00209 Filed Nine Energy Service, Inc. NCS Multistage, LLC
NCS MULTISTAGE INC.
10871053
2:21-cv-00076 Filed M-Red Inc. [Audio Messaging, Audio Messaging, Quest Patent Research Corp.] Nintendo 6853259
7068557
6177843
6628171
7209401
2:21-cv-00077 Filed M-Red Inc. [Audio Messaging, Quest Patent Research Corp.] Xiaomi Communications Co., Ltd.
Xiaomi Corporation
Xiaomi Inc.
6853259
7068557
6177843
6628171
7209401
6:21-cv-00217 Filed MCOM IP, LLC [DynaIP, Pueblo Nuevo LLC] PNC Financial Services Group,Co., Inc. 8862508
4:21-cv-00666 Filed Wet Sounds, Inc. Elettromedia S.R.L. 8568162
6:21-cv-00191 Filed AML IP, LLC [DynaIP] Five Starts Loyalty Inc. 7177838
1:21-cv-01831 Filed DigiMedia Tech, LLC [IP Investments Group] Showtime Networks Inc.
ViacomCBS, Inc.
7743399
9055328
6744818
6473532
8087049
2:21-cv-00361 Filed VPR Brands LP B&G Trading LLC dba Vapor Tech 8205622
3:21-cv-01534 Filed Raj Abhyanker Nirav N. Tolia
Nextdoor, Inc.
9940008
10122671
10129345
10534521
10078431
10157412
6:21-cv-00199 Filed Lupercal LLC [IP Valuation Partners] The Charles Schwab Corporation 9386094
6:21-cv-00205 Filed Lexos Media IP, LLC [Lexos Media, Inc.] La-Z-Boy, Inc. 6118449
5995102
6:21-cv-00207 Filed GreatGigz Solutions, LLC [Raymond Anthony Joao] Robert Half International, Inc. 7490086
6662194
9152943
1:21-cv-00032 Filed Astellas US LLC
Gilead Sciences, Inc.
Astellas Pharma
Mylan 8106183
RE47301
8524883
3:21-cv-01586 Filed Raj Abhyanker Nextdoor, Inc. 9037516
8863245
8965409
9071367
9064288
9098545
1:21-cv-00338 Filed Cedar Lane Technologies Inc. Hotel Tonight, LLC 8397177
6:21-cv-00210 Filed Proxense, LLC Samsung Group 9298905
8352730
10698989
9049188
9235700
6:21-cv-00190 Filed Sable Networks, Inc.
Sable IP, LLC
SonicWALL 6954431
7630358
6977932
8243593
1:21-cv-00323 Filed Ecobee, Inc. EcoFactor, Inc. 8596550
8019567
8886488
10612983
1:21-cv-00088 Filed Westwood One, LLC [Cumulus Media Inc.] Local Radio Networks, LLC 7860448
7412203
6:21-cv-00198 Filed Streamscale, Inc. Experian PLC
Cloudera, Inc.
Automatic Data Processing, Inc.
Wargaming (Austin), Inc.
10003358
9385759
9160374
8683296
10291259
10666296
3:21-cv-00172 Filed VPR Brands MONQ, LLC 8205622
2:21-cv-01050 Filed Early Warning Services, LLC William Grecia 8402555
1:21-cv-00339 Filed Fundamental Innovation Systems International, LLC [Centerbridge Partners] Fantasia Trading LLC dba AnkerDirect
Anker Innovations, Ltd.
7239111
7453233
8624550
6936936
1:21-cv-00340 Filed Fundamental Innovation Systems International, LLC [Centerbridge Partners] Cyber Power Systems (USA), Inc. 7239111
7453233
8624550
6936936
6:21-cv-00216 Filed MCOM IP, LLC [DynaIP, Pueblo Nuevo LLC] US Bank, National Association Co. 8862508
5:21-cv-01468 Filed Google, LLC EcoFactor, Inc. 8596550
8886488
10612983
8019567
3:21-cv-00360 Filed Scanning Technologies Innovations, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Events.com, Inc. 10600101
8:21-cv-00534 Filed KeySee Software, Ltd. Digital Receiver Technology, Inc. 8009826
10447666
8295477
9038192
6:21-cv-00196 Filed MCOM IP, LLC [DynaIP, Pueblo Nuevo LLC] CSI, INC. 8862508
2:21-cv-00072 Filed Agis Software Development LLC [AGIS Holdings, Inc.] T-Mobile 7031728
7630724
9445251
9749829
9467838
9408055
1:21-cv-00329 Filed AML IP, LLC [DynaIP] Riot Games, Inc. 7177838
0:21-cv-00619 Filed Schwab-Vollhaber-Lubratt, Inc. Midwest Mechanical Supply, Inc. dba Midwest Mechanical Solutions
Carson Design and Manufacturing, Inc. dba Carson Solutions
9551496
9982899
2:21-cv-02002 Filed Noble Security
Meir Avganim
Does
Rocstorage, Inc. dba Rockstor
9137911
9549476
1:21-cv-00331 Filed Red Hat, Inc. Ashbourne Technologies, LLC
Bampton Technologies LLC
III Holdings 12, LLC
III Holdings 6, LLC
Invention Investment Ireland, LLC
8806492
7890629
RE45593
9152455
8150972
9537726
7620706
8943207
7899786
9575805
7814175
9135066
RE47464
6:21-cv-00206 Filed EMA Electromechanics, Inc. Siemens
Siemens Corp.
7724489
6:21-cv-00208 Filed GreatGigz Solutions, LLC [Raymond Anthony Joao] Adecco USA, Inc. 7490086
6662194
2:21-cv-00075 Filed M-Red Inc. Mitsubishi Electric Corp. 6853259
7068557
6177843
6628171
7209401
2:21-cv-00383 Filed Michael Ochoa Gerry Patterson
Bryan Goff
Puritas Beverages LLC
Unknown Parties
6:21-cv-00218 Filed MCOM IP, LLC [DynaIP, Pueblo Nuevo LLC] BBVA USA Bancshares, Inc. 8862508

 

Image Source: Deposit Photos
Author: lightsource
Image ID: 159708306

The Author

Jonathan Stroud

Jonathan Stroud is Chief IP Counsel at Unified Patents, LLC, where he manages a growing team of talented, diverse attorneys and oversees a docket of administrative challenges, appeals, licensing, and district court work in addition to IP, administrative, amicus, policy, marketing, and corporate matters.

Prior to Unified he was a patent litigator for Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP, and a former medical devices patent examiner at the USPTO. He earned his J.D. with honors from the American University Washington College of Law; his B.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Tulane University; and his M.A. in Print Journalism from the University of Southern California. He enjoys teaching, writing, and speaking on patent and administrative law.

Warning & Disclaimer: The pages, articles and comments on IPWatchdog.com do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author as of the time of publication and should not be attributed to the author’s employer, clients or the sponsors of IPWatchdog.com. Read more.

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