Patent Filings Roundup: Funded-NPE Semiconductor Shotgun Petition Backfires; APJ Bucks Board on Fintiv; IP Edge Files Dozens

By Jonathan Stroud
June 3, 2021

https://depositphotos.com/46023047/stock-photo-lawsuit-word-smashing-glass.htmlHappy Memorial Day week. It was a light week at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board with 20 filings – 18 inter partes reviews (IPRs) and two post grant reviews (PGRs) – but another heavy one for patent filings in district court (96 complaints), driven primarily by a deluge of new IP Edge complaints (I didn’t count it out, but it looks like more than 50) and a single new massive Humira/Abbvie patent-thicket complaint. The Board issued another five or so Fintiv denials, including one over an International Trade Commission (ITC) date, and only a handful of merits denials; it includes one, listed below, where the Board found merit to some minority of the challenged grounds but nonetheless denied after SAS Institute, Inc. v. Iancu for efficiency. The Magnetar Capital-backed Neodron made it to Markman and settled and then filed another round of enforcement actions against new defendants; and there appears to be burgeoning disagreement at the Board itself in just how precedential the Fintiv analyses are, and whether the Board is overreaching its discretion and misreading its own precedent.

Shotgun Effect Backfires in Semiconductor Petition: The Board this week exercised its discretion to deny a petition against a Vector-Capital-backed semiconductor non-practicing entity’s (NPE’s) patent, U.S. 6,680,516, where they found merit to some of the petitioner ,Nanya’s, arguments, but found far more to critique among a panoply of grounds raised.

You have to feel for Nanya. Complex subject matter and 41 claims meant they had to attempt to cover all their bases; but in doing so, they seem to have overplayed their hands. Add to that that they relied on (maybe) applicant admitted prior art, and all the Director Iancu-era-memo-baggage that came along with that, and the Board, despite finding merit in some of the grounds, was put in a tight spot of instituting after SAS a case where the majority of the grounds would likely fail, but some had merit. It makes sense practically, but you have to admit it’s an odd look­—the agency who granted a patent admitting there are meritorious validity issues with it, but nonetheless refusing to reconsider a paid-for request by another. The IPR, 2021-00171, is on a patent asserted against Qualcomm and others in the district court, and is part of the litigation-funded Vector Capital campaign. Qualcomm itself was instituted on petitions on some of the patents here earlier this year, including one on this patent. The same week, Monterey sued Broadcom, adding another semiconductor company to the ongoing campaign.

PTAB APJ Disagrees on Fintiv a Third Time: In another Fintiv denial, APJ Crumbley has for the third time disagreed with the panel’s precedential approach to weighing the Fintiv factors. See TA Instruments-Waters LLC et al v. Malvern Panalytical Inc., IPR2021-00211, Paper 8 (May 27, 2021) (Crumbley, J., concurring). Previously, APJ Crumbley has staked out a far different approach that might not always affect the outcome; nonetheless, he’s made a point of highlighting his disagreements with others’s approach to the discretionary denial issue and the fact that the precedential order in Fintiv introduced, but did not apply, the factors. Cisco Systems, Inc. v. Ramot at Tel Aviv University Ltd., IPR2020-00122, Paper 15 (May 15, 2020) (Crumbley, J., dissenting); GlobalFoundries Inc. v. UNM Rainforest Innovations f/k/a STC.UNM, IPR2020-00984, Paper 11 (Dec. 9, 2020) (Crumbley, J., concurring).  His original dissent noted:

The majority’s decision […] risks focusing only on the “faster” aspect of this goal, while sacrificing the “more efficient” aspect. In other words, the majority defers to a district court proceeding merely because it is currently scheduled to be faster than this inter partes review would be, without considering whether the Board may nevertheless be a more efficient venue.

[…] The majority’s analysis primarily focuses on an application of factors set forth in Apple Inc. v. Fintiv, Inc., […] an order the Director recently designated as precedential. The “Fintiv factors” are precedential to the extent they identify considerations that should be relevant to the Board’s decision whether to deny institution under 35 U.S.C. § 314(a) in light of a co-pending district court proceeding. But I also note that Fintiv was an interlocutory order requesting further briefing from the parties on its factors; the panel did not actually apply those factors in the precedential order and there is no precedential “holding,” in the conventional sense of legal precedent. Therefore, Fintiv does not control how we should apply its factors to the facts of this case, nor does it instruct us how to weigh the factors. And it is in this application and weighing of the factors that I disagree with the majority’s approach.[citations and footnote omitted.]

The case there was one of three petitions denied over an upcoming District of Delaware trial date.

                                PTAB (20)

Case Number Action Owner Petitioner Patent
IPR2021-00951 Filed NEXRF Corp. Playtika Ltd.
Playtika Holding Corp.
8747229
IPR2021-00906 Filed 3G Licensing S.A. [Fineur Int’l SA] Cradlepoint, Inc.
Dell, Inc.
Honeywell International, Inc.
Sierra Wireless, Inc.
TCL Communication Technology Holdings, Ltd.
et al.
7580388
IPR2021-01016 Filed Acera Surgical, Inc Nanofiber Solutions, LLC 10632228
IPR2021-01026 Filed Ravgen, Inc. Laboratory Corporation of America Holdings 7727720
IPR2021-00953 Filed NEXRF Corp. Playtika Ltd.
Playtika Holding Corp.
9646454
IPR2021-01014 Filed Kinectus LLC Bumble Trading Inc. 10117075
IPR2021-01003 Filed Alcon Inc.
Alcon Lensx Inc
Johnson & Johnson Surgical Vision, Inc. 8398236
PGR2021-00088 Filed Spruce Biosciences, Inc. Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc 10849908
IPR2021-01010 Filed Conocophillips Company In-Depth Geophysical, Inc.
In-Depth Compressive Seismic, Inc.
10823867
PGR2021-00084 Filed Payrange, Inc. Kiosoft Technologies, LLC
Techtrex, Inc.
10891608
IPR2021-00923 Filed Gesture Technology Partners, LLC Apple, Inc 8194924
IPR2021-01012 Filed WSOU Investments, LLC [WSOU Holdings, Craig Etchegoyen] Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 6704304
IPR2021-00872 Filed HD Silicon Solutions LLC [f/k/a Innovative Silicon Solutions, Intellectual Ventures] Microchip Technology, Inc. 7302619
IPR2021-01023 Filed Nevro Corp. Nalu Medical, Inc 9333357
IPR2021-01015 Filed Metrc LLC Vyripharm Enterprises, Inc. 9959438
IPR2021-01017 Filed Teradata US Inc SAP 7904419
IPR2021-00952 Filed NEXRF Corp. Playtika Ltd.
Playtika Holding Corp.
8506406
IPR2021-01011 Filed Litl LLC [TRI Ventures, LLC] Microsoft Corporation 8577957
IPR2021-01005 Filed Sable Networks, Inc. [Sable IP, LLC, Mobile Convergence Ltd. (MCC)] Cloudflare, Inc.
Sonicwall Inc.
7012919
IPR2021-00932 Filed OPTIC153 LLC [Equitable IP] Unified Patents, LLC 6115174
IPR2021-00201 Not Instituted – Merits Thaddeus Gabara Facebook, Inc. 8836698
IPR2021-00260 Not Instituted – Merits Doggyphone LLC Tomofun, LLC 9723813
IPR2021-00200 Not Instituted – Merits Thaddeus Gabara Facebook, Inc. 8620545
IPR2021-00171 Not Instituted – Procedural Monterey Research, LLC [Vector Capital Corp.] Nanya Technology Corporation 6680516
IPR2021-00211 Not Instituted – Procedural Malvern Panalytical Inc. TA Instruments-Waters Technologies Corporation 10036715
IPR2021-00095 Not Instituted – Procedural The Solaria Corporation Canadian Solar Inc.
Canadian Solar USA Inc.
10522707
IPR2021-00210 Not Instituted – Procedural Malvern Panalytical Inc TA Instruments-Waters Technologies Corporation 9404876
IPR2021-00213 Not Instituted – Procedural Malvern Panalytical Inc. TA Instruments-Waters Technologies Corporation 10254239
IPR2021-00322 Instituted Horizon Global Americas Inc. [Horizon Global Corp.] Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. 10040437
IPR2021-00321 Instituted Horizon Global Americas Inc. [Horizon Global Corp.] Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. 9758138
IPR2021-00320 Instituted Horizon Global Americas Inc. [Horizon Global Corp.] Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. 8789896
IPR2021-00107 Instituted Enventure Global Technology, Inc. Weatherford U.S., LP 6604763
IPR2021-00125 Instituted Monterey Research, LLC [Vector Capital Corp.] Qualcomm Incorporated 6642573
IPR2021-00192 Instituted Kirsch Research and Development, LLC GAF Materials LLC 6308482
IPR2021-00007 Adverse Judgment Mambate USA Inc. Cellpak, Inc D846728
IPR2020-00402 Final Written Decision Flectere, LLC [Endpoint IP] FedEx Corporation 6272506
IPR2020-00400 Final Written Decision Flectere, LLC [Endpoint IP] FedEx Corporation 6401094

                       District Court (96)

Case Number Action Plaintiff Defendant Patent
1:21-cv-00731 Filed Bausch & Lomb
PF Consumer Healthcare 1 LLC [Bausch Health Cos. Inc.]
New Era Real Estate Solutions LLC 8603522
6660297
2:21-cv-00181 Filed BillJCo, LLC Cisco Systems, Inc. 8761804
10292011
10477994
1:21-cv-02820 Filed Digital Verification Systems, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Effortless Legal, LLC 9054860
1:21-cv-00745 Filed Decatur Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Linksys USA, Inc. 9706476
1:21-cv-00748 Filed Aperture Net LLC [IP Edge] EnerSys Inc. 6711204
1:21-cv-00751 Filed Lecrew Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Control4 Corp. 9516370
1:21-cv-00752 Filed Lecrew Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Savant Systems, Inc. 9516370
1:21-cv-00753 Filed Lecrew Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Xperi Corporation 9516370
1:21-cv-01428 Filed Stormborn Technologies LLC [IP Edge] ComAp, LLC RE44199
1:21-cv-00606 Filed Crystal IS, Inc. [Asahi Kasei Corp.] Nitride Semiconductors Co., Ltd. 6861270
1:21-cv-00758 Filed Zyrcuits IP LLC [IP Edge] Zen Within Inc. 6671307
1:21-cv-00769 Filed Realm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] SmartRecruiters, Inc. 6324551
2:21-cv-00188 Filed Continental Circuits LLC
Continental Circuits of Texas LLC [Chicago Harbor Innovation Producers]
Samsung Group 8581105
9374912
7501582
8278560
5:21-cv-00067 Filed Push Data, LLC [Equitable IP] BJ`s Restaurants, Inc.
1:21-cv-00777 Filed Fusion IP LLC [IP Edge] Intrado Communications, LLC 7941486
1:21-cv-00782 Filed Fusion IP LLC [IP Edge] Pexip, Inc. 7941486
7020670
6344902
1:21-cv-00788 Filed Hydro Net LLC [IP Edge] GE MDS, LLC 7187706
1:21-cv-00789 Filed Nitetek Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Hillstone Networks Corp. 6661783
6:21-cv-00544 Filed C&M Oilfield Rentals, LLC d/b/a C-MOR Energy Services CleanTek Industries, Inc.
Apollo Lighting Solutions Inc.
10976016
3:21-cv-11691 Filed LMT Mercer Group, Inc. Fortress Iron L.P. 9109775
10197249
6:21-cv-00522 Filed AML IP, LLC [Dynamic Deals, IP, d/b/a DynaIP] J. C. Penney Corporation, Inc. 6876979
6:21-cv-00526 Filed Lyne Laboratories, Inc. Samsung Group 11019697
2:21-cv-11220 Filed BelAir Electronics, Inc. Shamos LLC 10097676
7941195
6:21-cv-00531 Filed MemoryWeb, LLC Apple 11017020
10621228
9552376
10423658
1:21-cv-00744 Filed Decatur Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Oceus Networks LLC 9706476
1:21-cv-00755 Filed Zyrcuits IP LLC [IP Edge] Hubbell, Inc. 6671307
3:21-cv-01001 Filed NextGen Leads, LLC Gen3Ventures, LLC
Connect Me, LLC
10075592
1:21-cv-00764 Filed Nanexa AB VitriVax, Inc. 10478402
10864171
10166198
1:21-cv-00766 Filed Realm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] DocuPhase, LLC 6324551
8:21-cv-01295 Filed Perfect Keto, LLC Axcess Global Sciences, Inc.
University of South Florida Board of Trustees
USF Research Foundation
10646462
4:21-cv-00408 Filed Implicit, LLC [Edward Balassanian] Target 8856185
1:21-cv-00774 Filed Hanger Solutions, LLC [Intellectual Ventures, Foothills IP] Squarespace, Inc. 6430623
6772227
6609159
1:21-cv-00778 Filed Fusion IP LLC [IP Edge] Centurylink, Inc. 7941486
7020670
6344902
4:21-cv-01758 Filed Celebration IP LLC [IP Edge] RNG International Inc. 6346795
1:21-cv-00727 Filed Moxchange LLC [IP Edge] Daikin America, Inc. 7233664
1:21-cv-00734 Filed Sonohm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Sennheiser Electronic Corporation 6651207
6:21-cv-00524 Filed AML IP, LLC [Dynamic Deals, IP, d/b/a DynaIP] E.C. BARTON & COMPANY dba HOME OUTLET 6876979
6:21-cv-00525 Filed AML IP, LLC [Dynamic Deals, IP, d/b/a DynaIP] Marshalls Incorporated 6876979
1:21-cv-00740 Filed Wave Linx LLC [IP Edge] Vonage USA Inc. 8843549
1:21-cv-04691 Filed Decatur Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Sony Corp. 9706476
1:21-cv-00466 Filed LiveHelpNow, LLC Freshworks, Inc.
SHI Government Solutions, Inc. dba SHI/Government Solutions, Inc.
9178950
9584375
10951559
10419372
1:21-cv-00747 Filed Aperture Net LLC [IP Edge] Airties Inc. 6711204
1:21-cv-00754 Filed Zyrcuits IP LLC [IP Edge] CIMCON LIGHTING, Inc. 6671307
1:21-cv-00765 Filed Realm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] ConvergeHub Inc. 6324551
6330573
6:21-cv-00536 Filed MyClerk, LLC [IP Valuation Partners] Zebra Technologies 10133888
8:21-cv-00959 Filed Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. [SK Hynix] TYC Brother Industrial Co Ltd
Genera Corp.
D777957
D739574
D760413
D818163
D771292
D763486
D739057
D829947
D740980
D660476
D759865
D780351
D736436
D618835
D709217
D655835
D834225
D664690
D617478
D759864
2:21-cv-00187 Filed DIVX, LLC [Fortress IP] Samsung Group 10992955
11017816
10708521
11012641
2:21-cv-00190 Filed PerdiemCo, LLC MiX Telematics North America
MiX Telematics Limited
10397789
10382966
10602364
10021198
10277689
9871874
10819809
10171950
10284662
9680941
1:21-cv-02899 Filed AbbVie, Inc.
AbbVie Biotech. Ltd.
Alvotech hf. 9624295
9061005
9090689
9546212
8999337
9062106
9284370
8986693
8911964
9328165
8911737
9708400
9273132
8883156
9957318
9334319
9550826
8895009
9266949
9181337
9359434
8974790
9085620
9102723
9499614
9499616
9505834
9683033
8906373
9096666
8906646
9284371
8992926
6805686
9150645
8916153
9315574
9067992
8231876
9187559
9085618
8715664
9181572
9669093
9346879
9290568
9339610
8808700
9234032
9522953
9090867
8889136
9090688
8961974
8663945
9512216
8906372
8708968
1:21-cv-00791 Filed Nitetek Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Krohne, Inc. 6661783
2:21-cv-11948 Filed Almirall, LLC [Grupo Corporativo Landon] ACRUX DDS PTY. LTD. 9517219
6:21-cv-00539 Filed Continental Circuits LLC
Continental Circuits of Texas LLC [Chicago Harbor Innovation Producers]
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. 8581105
9374912
7501582
8278560
6:21-cv-00548 Filed FCX Solar, LLC FTC Solar, Inc. 10903782
1:21-cv-00730 Filed Bausch & Lomb
PF Consumer Healthcare 1 LLC
EyeScience Labs LLC 8603522
6660297
1:21-cv-00736 Filed Sonohm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Fantasia Trading LLC dba AnkerDirect 6651207
2:21-cv-00183 Filed BillJCo, LLC Hewlett-Parkard Co.
Aruba Networks
8761804
10292011
10477994
5:21-cv-00065 Filed Pantech Co. [Pantech Inc.] Coolpad Group Ltd.
Digital Tech Inc. (BVI)
Yulong Computer Telecommunication Scientific (Shenzhen) Co. Ltd.
Coolpad Technologies, Inc.
9237566
6809641
8538411
8649346
11012954
10841142
1:21-cv-00737 Filed Proofpoint, Inc. ZapFraud, Inc. 9245115
2:21-cv-00919 Filed Digital Verification Systems, LLC [Leigh Rothschild] Zava Global Partners LLC dba Blueink 9054860
6:21-cv-00528 Filed BillJCo, LLC Apple 10929734
7215251
7246751
7116240
8665074
7388468
10776198
7733227
7472835
2:21-cv-00185 Filed Digital Retail App Inc. Sam`s Club West, Inc.
3:21-cv-03942 Filed August Home, Inc. [Assa Abloy] Wolfreeze Corporation
1:21-cv-02979 Filed Beyond The Cloud Inc.
Bagshop 181 Limited
Performance Solutions, LLC 8002682
9345921
10278890
9539167
9656112
7918774
10695260
1:21-cv-00760 Filed Harmony Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Jacs Solutions, Inc. RE42219
1:21-cv-00761 Filed Harmony Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Trapeze Software Group, Inc. RE42219
1:21-cv-00767 Filed Realm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Laserfiche-North America Inc. 6324551
6330573
8:21-cv-00966 Filed Kia Corporation TYC Brother Industrial Co Ltd
Genera Corp.
D720873
D714975
D776311
D749762
D774223
D695933
D781471
D749764
D785833
D656635
D720871
D636506
D774222
D785836
D720870
D714976
D709219
D696442
D656636
D650931
2:21-cv-00189 Filed Continental Circuits LLC
Continental Circuits of Texas LLC [Chicago Harbor Innovation Producers]
Mediatek Inc. 8581105
9374912
7501582
8278560
1:21-cv-00783 Filed Fusion IP LLC [IP Edge] Kaltura, Inc. 7941486
7020670
1:21-cv-00790 Filed Nitetek Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Particle Industries, Inc. 6661783
1:21-cv-00792 Filed Bioverativ Therapeutics Inc Spectrum Pharmaceuticals 7348004
9725496
7404956
6:21-cv-00542 Filed Monterey Research, LLC [Vector Capital Corp.] Broadcom Corporation
Broadcom Incorporated
Broadcom PTE. Ltd.
8694776
9767303
8037249
7512873
6573753
6979640
7895387
7405987
6:21-cv-00545 Filed Neodron, Ltd. Cypress Semiconductor Corp. 9024790
9372580
1:21-cv-00728 Filed Moxchange LLC SMA Solar Technology America LLC 7233664
1:21-cv-00732 Filed Bayer
Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories 10828310
0:21-cv-01275 Filed DoseLogix, LLC Reflex Medical Corp. 10947027
10919685
1:21-cv-10865 Filed Milliman, Inc.
Milliman Solutions, LLC
Vigilytics LLC
Gradient A.I. Corp.
Stanford A. Smith
Samuel Chase Pettus
9118641
9965651
10109375
10886012
9323892
9665685
4:21-cv-01720 Filed Moxchange LLC Foscam, Inc. 7233664
6:21-cv-00530 Filed Impinj, Inc. NXP USA, Inc. 10929734
7215251
7246751
7116240
8665074
7388468
10776198
7733227
7472835
2:21-cv-00184 Filed Digital Retail Apps, Inc. Sam`s Club West, Inc d/b/a Sam`s Club 9262781
9934506
1:21-cv-00743 Filed Decatur Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Digi International, Inc. 9706476
1:21-cv-00749 Filed Aperture Net LLC [IP Edge] Freewave Technologies, Inc. 6711204
1:21-cv-00750 Filed Aperture Net LLC [IP Edge] Omnitracs, LLC 6711204
1:21-cv-04738 Filed Nitetek Licensing LLC [IP Edge] EVBox North America Inc. 6661783
1:21-cv-04740 Filed Harmony Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Durabook Americas Inc. RE42219
6:21-cv-00532 Filed Medallia Inc. Content Square SAS 8886552
2:21-cv-00186 Filed Jawbone Innovations, LLC Samsung Group 8280072
8019091
1:21-cv-00762 Filed Realm Licensing LLC [IP Edge] Anaplan, Inc. 6324551
3:21-cv-00555 Filed Halo Composites, LLC RAAIL Holdings Corporation
Alan Nichols
Dr. Pigment
10053586
9909016
10487220
5:21-cv-00145 Filed Medical Inflatable Exhibits, Inc. KentuckyOne Health, Inc. 9564067
10339835
8727786
1:21-cv-00781 Filed Fusion IP LLC [IP Edge] Implix USA, Inc. 7941486
7020670
6344902
1:21-cv-00793 Filed Golden IP LLC [IP Edge] Iheartmedia, Inc. 8755763
9397627
1:21-cv-04788 Filed Gold IP LLC [Dynamic Deals, d/b/a DynaIP] Augury Inc. 6848314
6:21-cv-00541 Filed Monterey Research, LLC Broadcom Corporation
Broadcom Incorporated
Broadcom PTE. Ltd.
6651134
6459625
6:21-cv-00546 Filed Neodron, Ltd. [Magentar Capital]S RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION; RENESAS ELECTRONICS AMERICA INC.; RENESAS TECHNOLOGY AMERICA, INC., 9024790
6:21-cv-00547 Filed Neodron, Ltd. [Magentar Capital] STMicroelectronics N.V. 8749251

Image source: Deposit Photos
Image ID:46023047
Copyright:iqoncept 

The Author

Jonathan Stroud

Jonathan Stroud is Chief IP Counsel at Unified Patents, LLC, where he manages a growing team of talented, diverse attorneys and oversees a docket of administrative challenges, appeals, licensing, and district court work in addition to IP, administrative, amicus, policy, marketing, and corporate matters.

Prior to Unified he was a patent litigator for Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett & Dunner LLP, and a former medical devices patent examiner at the USPTO. He earned his J.D. with honors from the American University Washington College of Law; his B.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Tulane University; and his M.A. in Print Journalism from the University of Southern California. He enjoys teaching, writing, and speaking on patent and administrative law.

Warning & Disclaimer: The pages, articles and comments on IPWatchdog.com do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. The articles published express the personal opinion and views of the author as of the time of publication and should not be attributed to the author’s employer, clients or the sponsors of IPWatchdog.com. Read more.

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