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Carol Wininger

is a student at the Harker School where she is co-President of the Law Club. Raised in China and now living in Silicon Valley, she is fluent in Chinese. She is also the co-founder and co-President of The Eleos Foundation, which supports mental health initiatives.

Recent Articles by Carol Wininger

China’s New Patent Linkage System: A Guide for Foreign Chinese Patent Holders

In compliance with the Phase One Trade Agreement, China has implemented a patent linkage system in their amended patent law, which became effective June 1, 2021 (Article 76 of the Patent Law of the People’s Republic of China (2020)). The Chinese patent linkage system prevents marketing approval of generic drugs until after the expiration of patents covering the drugs or uses. Specifically, the Center for Drug Evaluation (CDE) of the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) has set up a registration system to register patents covering: chemical drugs and uses; traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) and uses; and biologics: Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) sequence structure and medical use. The registration system started public testing in May and is now live.